U.S. regulated fleets will have to upgrade to electronic logging devices (ELDs) once the automatic onboard recording device (AOBRD) grandfather clause ends on December 19, 2019.
While there were some initial challenges to implementing ELDs en masse in 2017, fleets now fully understand the benefits of having their drivers in compliance, and the capability to:
- Better monitor vehicle health and safety.
- Improve driver risk profiles.
- Streamline IFTA reporting.
- Minimize driver violations.
ELD Buyer’s Guide
The following is a comprehensive walk-through of ELD, including high-level costs and overviews of the top providers.
How Much Does ELD Cost?
Required doesn’t mean that a fleet should choose a cost-prohibitive solution.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) estimates that the average annual cost of an ELD is around $495 with some solutions as low as $165 per year per truck and some as high as $832.
Evaluating an ELD provider’s customer support is just as crucial as the cost of the solution. Customer support is a vital consideration since if the solution fails or is not in compliance with the technical rules of the ELD regulations, fleets only have eight days to resolve the issue. One device failing is a headache; all of your vehicles out of compliance is an operational nightmare that could bring a fleet to a standstill and go right to the bottom line.
One of the most complicated, time-consuming, and costly aspects of implementing an ELD solution is the installation. The installation cost will depend on the type of solution, whether that’s a hardwired or dongle-type device.
A hardwired solution often requires pulling the vehicle out of service for some time (possibly several hours) and coordinating with a third-party technician. This process incurs expenses for the installation, as well as other types of costs for driver and vehicle downtime.
A solution including a plug-and-play or a dongle is much less costly to install. It can typically plug into the OBD II port by an employee. The plus side is that there’s little vehicle downtime. The disadvantage is that this type of solution means easy access for the drivers to disconnect the device themselves. Doing this removes the capability to monitor their hours of service and the other data required by the ELD Rule. There are ways to install a dongle with a “stealth installation,” which could defeat tampering with the device.
Whether you fall under the grandfather clause and need to upgrade to an ELD solution or you are interested in switching from your current solution, below is an overview of the top ELD providers.
Verizon Connect Overview
Verizon Connect came into existence through the 2018 merger of Verizon telematics, Fleetmatics, and Telogis. This merger brought together expertise in all aspects of fleet tracking and benefited both small business fleets of a dozen or fewer vehicles to large enterprise mega fleets who monitor thousands.
Listen to Hector Garcia, Marketing Manager for Verizon Connect, talk about the benefits of their rebrand, and what they’re telling customers who have yet to adopt an ELD system.
Verizon Connect ELD Features
Verizon Connect’s ELD is FMCSA self-certified and is connected directly to the vehicle for improved accuracy and automated logging.
The Hours of Service (HOS) app-based solution helps reduce Form & Manner and driving time violations with 395.15-compliant electronic logs. The app software is updated automatically to maintain compliance with any new rules, allowing drivers to stay up to date if there are any changes to the ELD regulations.
Installing Verizon Connect ELDs
Verizon Connect’s ELD hardware is a plug-and-play dongle that can connect to either the truck’s 9-pin or 6-pin connector or to the OBD II port. A driver can download the REVEAL ELD Logbook App on their smartphone or a connected smart device and easily pairs with the ELD hardware.
How Much Does the Verizon Connect ELD solution Cost?
ELD pricing starts at just $35 per month for the hardware and software.
How to Fill Out DVIRs with Verizon Connect
The simple, no-fuss DVIR app helps drivers get vehicle inspections done quickly and thoroughly. Automated data sync can help speed up needed repairs.
The smart detection technology can determine if drivers have physically inspected the vehicle and that they did it in the appropriate amount of time. This process prevents drivers from pencil whipping and quickly filling out a report to get on the road faster.
The device-based solution avoids problems associated with inspection point systems that rely on stickers exposed to weather or harsh driving conditions.
IFTA Reporting with Verizon Connect
An ELD’s GPS gathers data that can help efficiently complete IFTA fuel tax reports.
Geotab started as a family business in the year 2000. Headquartered out of Oakville, Canada, they are now a global provider in the Internet of Things (IoT) and connected transportation technology.
Supported by a reseller network, Geotab’s open platform solution, and Geotab Marketplace gives fleets the flexibility to create specialized solutions or add-on on existing ones developed by the company or other Geotab fleet users.
The company acquired FleetCarma in 2017, and now offers an electric vehicle (EV) suitability assessment (EVSA). It evaluates a company’s telematics data for 6-12 months and provides an electrification recommendation. If the fleet electrifies, Geotab’s solution can monitor the unique aspects of the electric fleet, including charge levels.
Geotab ELD Features
The Geotab ELD is a compliance solution for HOS, DVIRs, and driver identification. Their mobile app (compatible with Android and iOS) works with Geotab GO telematics devices to help meet compliance regulations, boost productivity, and improve driver safety. Geotab’s ELD solution is self-certified and registered with the FMCSA.
It can integrate with several third-party transportation management solutions.
The optional Geotab Garmin Bundle is a mobility management solution that provides full visibility into the fleet. It can help keep drivers safe with a front-facing HD dash camera. It can optimize fleet operations by identifying and reducing unproductive miles through extensive reporting.
Installing Geotab ELDs
Installing the Geotab Go9 is simple. It plugs directly into the OBD II port, so it does not require special tools or the assistance of a professional installer. The hardware is fully encrypted, and any updates are handled securely over the air. The device is FIPS 140-2 validated.
How Much Does the Geotab ELD Solution Cost?
The costs for the Geotab solution include an up-front payment for the Geotab Go hardware and then a recurring monthly fee ranging from $79 to $199 depending on the services subscribed to by the fleet.
How to Fill Out DVIRs with Geotab
Geotab ELD provides a complete end-to-end inspection workflow for DVIRs. Inspections show defects, who identified the defect, and who repaired it. Drivers can select either pre-trip or post-trip inspection.
The DVIR feature can be used to customize the defects list. Reports can be printed right from MyGeotab. Mechanics can receive automated notifications when a driver completes a DVIR and requires a repair.
IFTA Reporting with Geotab
Fleets can get accurate insights for IFTA and IRP mileage reporting with exact trip miles.
Geotab demonstrates how to pull an ELD compliance report in this short video.
GPS Insight Overview
Founded in 2005 out of Scottsdale, Arizona, GPS Insight provides telematics solutions for small, medium, and enterprise businesses, as well as government institutions.
GPS Insight ELD Features
GPS Insight’s ELD solution includes electronic logs, GPS tracking, DVIR capability, navigation and messaging.
The FMCSA self-certified solution provides accurate logs to keep drivers in compliance. Employers can monitor driver behavior, hours on duty, and reduce driver distractions from dispatch.
Installing GPS Insight ELDs
The GPS ELD-2000HD hardwires into the truck.
How Much Does the GPS Insight ELD Solution Cost?
The GPS Insight ELD solution starts at $29.95 per month per truck.
How to Fill Out DVIRs with GPS Insight
The forced workflow makes sure DVIRs are completed, helping to improve maintenance reporting, avoiding violations for mechanical faults, and improving uptime across the fleet.
IFTA Reporting with GPS Insight
The State Mileage report compiles the necessary fuel tax information to complete an IFTA report efficiently. It shows the miles driven in each state, by vehicle, the amount of fuel used, as well as the total cost of fuel. The report organizes by vehicle or by state.
Upgrading to ELD from an automatic onboard recording device (AOBRD)? Listen to John Gaither, GPS Insight ELD Specialist, explain the main differences between the two systems and what to expect when making the change.
FREE ELD Quotes
Samsara ELD Overview
Founded in 2015 and headquartered in San Francisco, Samsara services businesses of all sizes and across all industries. The company offers a complete Internet of Things (IoT) portfolio that combines hardware, software, and the cloud to bring real-time visibility, analytics, and AI to its customers.
Samsara ELD Features
Samara provides a full suite solution, including HOS and records of duty status, GPS tracking, WiFi hotspots, and sensor data for regulated vehicles. Drivers can use the app to perform pre- or post-trip inspections, which can automatically send to the necessary personnel to take action. Drivers can also perform document capture using the app.
The Samsara Driver App brings FMCSA self-certified compliance into the palm of the driver’s hand and avoids the necessity of using expensive, proprietary ELD hardware.
Installing Samsara ELDs
Installation is easy. The plug-and-play technology can plug right into the truck’s diagnostic port for installation that takes less than 10 minutes. Drivers can connect to the hardware using the Samsara Driver App.
How Much Does Samara ELDs Cost?
There is an up-front cost of about $99 and then a monthly fee of $33 per device.
How to Fill Out DVIRs with Samsara
Using the Samsara Driver App, drivers can use a mobile device to perform pre- and post-trip vehicle inspections. The app streamlines vehicle walkarounds with automatic photo uploads and one-click digital signatures.
Samsara demonstrates how to fill out a DVIR within their mobile app in this short video.
IFTA Reporting with Samsara
Samsara’s ELD automatically tracks every mile a fleet’s trucks travel. Samsara’s fueling, idling, and IFTA reports can identify the sources of high fuel costs in real-time and eliminate extra effort spent on paperwork.
ClearPath GPS ELD Overview
ClearPath GPS offers a no-contract GPS tracking solution. This freedom gives businesses the flexibility to continue or suspend tracking based on their needs. The company prides itself on its service.
ClearPath GPS ELD Features
ClearPath GPS ELD Compliant solution enables drivers to log hours, perform inspections, and avoid violations. An integration with VisTracks is available with fleets with a Pro Edition subscription to ClearPath GPS. The solution is currently on the FMCSA self-certified list under VisTracks.
Installing ClearPath GPS ELDs
The ClearPath GPS ELD has flexible hardware options. The software is compatible with any Android tablet.
How Much Do ClearPath GPS ELDs Cost?
Most service plans begin at $20 per month per vehicle with purchase and lease options available. There are no long-term contracts with any ClearPath GPS product.
How to Fill Out DVIRs with ClearPath GPS
The ClearPath GPS ELD can be used to both track driver hours and vehicle inspection data.
Managers can use the software to push DVIR and rules out to mobile devices in the field.
IFTA Reporting with ClearPath GPS
Fleets can have access to IFTA reporting through the company’s GPS tracking software.
GPS Trackit ELD Overview
GPS Trackit, in business for the last 17 years, provides web-based solutions, including fleet management and video telematics.
GPS Trackit ELD Features
GPS Trackit’s ELD is an FMCSA self-certified solution that provides a comprehensive suite of easy-to-use fleet management tools.
GPS Trackit demonstrates how easy it is to use their ELD logbook.
Installing GPS Trackit ELDs
Fleets have the option of hardwiring or plugging in the unit into the vehicle. The majority of the company’s customers install the systems themselves. The process involves connecting the device’s power wire and mounting the GPS antenna. GPS Trackit can provide an installation specialist if necessary.
How Much Does the GPS Trackit ELD Solution Cost?
GPS Trackit does not require fleets to sign a contract. The cost of the service is $23.95 per month, and the hardware costs are a part of the package. The ELD software is an add on to their GPS tracking solution.
How to Fill Out DVIRs with GPS Trackit
Driver vehicle inspection reports record and submit via the mobile app.
IFTA Reporting with GPS Tracking
IFTA reporting is available with GPS Trackit’s ProMiles solution. The solution uses IFTA Reporting and ProMiles automatic tracking and calculation to make the reporting compliant and hassle-free.
Fleetio ELD Overview
Launched in 2012, Fleetio provides an all-in-one fleet management and maintenance solution for fleets of all sizes.
Fleetio ELD Features
Fleetio does not offer an ELD solution but can integrate with other ELD software.
Installing Fleetio ELDs
Because Fleetio does not offer an ELD solution, there is no Fleetio hardware to install. The installation process will depend on which ELD solution you integrate with Fleetio. They do offer the Fleetio Go mobile app available to download from the App Store and Google Play.
How Much Does the Fleetio ELD Solution Cost?
While there is no hardware to purchase or install, the Fleetio Go app does cost $5 per vehicle per month. It can support unlimited users and does offer API access. Software updates are free.
How to Fill Out DVIRs with Fleetio
The Fleetio Go app can be used to conduct inspections, submit photos, and add comments from a mobile device. Inspections and push alerts can be scheduled to ensure drivers are completing inspections.
See a quick demonstration of Fleetio Go in this short video.
IFTA Reporting with Fleetio
Fleets can use the Fuel Management software to collect fuel data and prepare quarterly IFTA reports.
TMW Suite/Trimble ELD Overview
TMW, which has been part of Trimble since 2012, was founded in 1983 in Cleveland, Oho. It provides solutions primarily to the commercial freight industry, but also private fleets in distribution, manufacturing, construction, and waste handling, as well as municipal governments. It is scalable to any size fleet over 25 assets.
TMW Suite ELD Features
TMW’s ELD solution automates HOS to reduce violations and improve driver efficiency and safety.
Installing TMW Suite ELDs
There is no additional hardware or software for TMW’s ELD solution. The ELD solution is a part of their GPS tracking software.
How Much Does the TMW Suite ELD Solution Cost?
This information is not available.
How to Fill Out DVIRs with TMW Suite
This information is not available.
IFTA Reporting with TMW Suite
The company’s Vusion Fuel Tax Reporting solution brings together GPS, ECM odometer readings, and fuel purchase data to simplify IFTA reporting.
Sophisticated algorithms, combined with industry expertise, allow the solution to handle the data cleaning and editing.
Omnitracs XRS ELD Overview
Founded in 1988, Omnitracs provides software and SaaS fleet management solutions designed to improve productivity, reliability, routing, safety, and compliance.
Omnitracs XRS ELD Features
Omnitracs offers comprehensive HOS, IFTA, ELD, FMCSCA, and DOT compliance solutions to keep fleets in compliance with the latest regulations, including the ELD Rule.
The solution is designed to offer drivers a quick, intuitive way to record information. It also provides compliance workers and managers the means to produce comprehensive reporting tools that help avoid potential violations.
Installing Omnitracs XRS ELDs
Omnitracs hardware is a plug and play device, but it can take up to 30 minutes to install.
How Much Does the Omnitracs XRS ELD Solution Cost?
There is approximately a $799 up-front cost for the hardware and a monthly $30 fee per vehicle per month for the ELD service.
How to Fill Out DVIRs with Omnitracs XRS
Omnitracs’ DVIR application automates the reporting process, making it simple for drivers to complete accurate vehicle and trailer inspection reports across the U.S. and Canada.
The Fault Monitoring and Extended Fault Monitoring applications provide near-real-time alerts for up to 35,000 standard fault codes.
The Tire Management application has the near-real-time capability to monitor tire pressure, temperature, location, and time of the last measurement. It’s also possible to visualize the severity of current tire issues with a color-coded display model to address the most critical issues first.
IFTA Reporting with Omnitracs XRS
Omnitracs’ automated IFTA reporting process allows fleets to avoid facing costly audits that could jeopardize profits. With the Omnitracs solution, an IVMR is created automatically and recorded by the onboard recording device. The solution collects odometer data from the GPS and through the vehicle’s ECM for better data reliability and accuracy.
Azuga takes a hands-on approach to provide a scalable solution for fleets of all sizes and types designed to make fleets safe, more efficient, and cost-effective.
Watch this short video for an overview of Azuga eLogs.
Azuga ELD Features
Azuga eLogs is an add on to the company’s fleet tracking solution. The FMCSA self-certified solution is designed to keep businesses in compliance with federal HOS and DVIR regulations.
Installing Azuga ELDs
The Azuga Tracker easily plugs into the OBD II port.
How Much Does the Azuga ELD Solution Cost?
Azuga’s GPS tracking solution begins at 85 cents per vehicle per day.
How to Fill Out DVIRs with Azuga
Azuga eLogs DVIR is designed to keep fleets in compliance with FMCSA regulations 396.11 and 396.13 regulations.
The mobile app prompts the driver post-trip to create a report for both the vehicle and the attached trailer. The driver documents any defects and deficiencies. Maintenance personnel can then use the mobile app to review the driver report and either enter notes or document repairs or both. When the driver next takes the wheel, the mobile application retrieves the latest information for the vehicle and current trailers, creating a reviewable report. After reviewing the report, the driver checks boxes to indicate satisfaction that the vehicle is in a safe operating condition.
IFTA Reporting with Azuga
The ELD solution can store all data regarding routes and mileage as well as fuel purchase data needed to compile IFTA reports in less time and effort.
Teletrac Navman Overview
Teletrac Navman is a software-as-a-service (SaaS) provider headquartered in Glenview, Ill. The company leverages location-based technology and services for managing mobile assets. With specialized solutions that deliver greater visibility into real-time insights and analytics, Teletrac Navman helps companies make better business decisions that enhance productivity and profitability.
Teletrac Navman ELD Features
The Teletrac Navman ELD is an easy-to-use application using commercial-grade devices. There is available on-demand training.
Installing Teletrac Navman ELDs
The Teletrac Navman ELD devices have a hardwired connection in the vehicle.
How Much Does the Teletrac Navman ELD Solution Cost?
Teletrac Navman ELD has a monthly fee of $45 per vehicle.
How to Fill Out DVIRs with Teletrac Navman
Teletrac Navman’s DVIR allows drivers to complete and submit daily vehicle inspections via an in-vehicle tablet. The device electronically details pre-trip and post-trip inspections and sends a digital report directly to managers.
IFTA Reporting with Teletrac Navman
Teletrac Navman’s DIRECTOR platform streamlines the IFTA reporting process through its integration with the ProMiles software program. ProMiles helps fleets stay compliant by showing the total interstate and intrastate mileage. The integration takes GPS latitude and longitude data from daily pings and builds trips for each vehicle. A web-based Fuel Tax Online account stores the information and is accessible at any time.
Fleet Complete Overview
Fleet Complete specializes in providing the connected mobility platform that best suits the needs of its customers—whether its vehicles, mobile workers, cargo, stationary assets, or all of the above.
Installing Fleet Complete ELDs
Fleet Complete ELD hardwires to the vehicle.
How Much Does the Fleet Complete ELD Solution Cost?
This information is not available.
How to Fill Out DVIRs with Fleet Complete
Built into its ELD app, the Fleet Complete DVIR features a digital checklist form, available custom schedules, and digital driver sign-off.
The mechanic’s portal manages vehicle defects. Reports can be sent via email.
IFTA Reporting with Fleet Complete
IFTA reporting is available as part of the company’s telematics solution.
Zonar Systems Overview
Founded in 2001, Zonar Systems offers telematics tracking solutions for vocational fleets of all sizes. It also provides solutions geared toward compliance, safety, efficiency, and savings for trucking fleets, commercial vehicles, and school buses.
Zonar ELD Features
Zonar Logs is a HOS application accessible through the company’s secure web portal, Ground Traffic Control. Automatic and tamper-resistant, Zonar Logs helps fleets ensure their drivers operate safely and comply with ELD regulations. It automatically updates as laws change, so fleets can stay in compliance without being caught off guard.
Installing Zonar ELDs
The Zonar 2020 hardware has a hardwired connection in the vehicle.
How Much Does the Zonar ELD Solution Cost?
There are no up-front costs for the Zonar 2020 equipment. The monthly charge is $70 per vehicle.
How to Fill Out DVIRs with Zonar
The company’s electronic verified inspection reporting (EVIR) systems use the “tag one-inspect regularly-know-always” approach to capture, transmit, and record inspection, compliance, and maintenance data.
Businesses can plan for repairs more efficiently, which translates to increased uptime for vehicles on the road.
IFTA Reporting with Zonar
This information is not available.
The San Francisco-based Onfleet provides a comprehensive last-mile delivery option for fleets.
Onfleet ELD Features
Onfleet provides complete route optimization and auto-dispatch capabilities that include a bird’s-eye view of the fleet operation. The app-based solution provides automatic status updates, real-time driver tracking, integrated customer communication, and feedback collection from customers.
Key metrics, including success rates, on-time rates, service times, feedback scores, and distance traveled, can be easily generated by teams, drivers, day, week, and even hour of the day.
Onfleet integrates with existing fleet management tools, allows importing CSV or Excel files. It can also be used with Zapier to connect to hundreds of third-party apps.
Installing Onfleet ELDs
Onfleet is an app-based solution available for iOS and Android devices.
How Much Does the Onfleet ELD Solution Cost?
Onfleet starts at $149 per month for the starter level and ranges up to $1,999 per month for the professional level. The most popular level is premium, which costs $799 per month. There is no charge for individual users.
How to Fill Out DVIRs with Onfleet
This information is not available.
IFTA Reporting with Onfleet
This information is not available.
KeepTruckin provides solutions that connect trucks, drivers, and office staff in ways designed to streamline business processes, improve efficiencies, and help businesses of all sizes grow.
KeepTruckin ELD Features
KeepTruckin is a self-certified ELD. The KeepTruckin Logbook app, when used alone, is a fully editable log that is a replacement for paper logs. The KeepTruckin ELD is a hardware device that connects to the vehicle’s ECM. When used in combination with the KeepTruckin Electronic Logbook App, the KeepTruckin ELD automatically records driving time in compliance with ELD regulations.
Installing KeepTruckin ELDs
The KeepTruckin ELD hardware connects into the 9-pin diagnostic port in the cab of the truck. Drivers access use an app to connect their phone or other smart devices to the ELD via Bluetooth connection.
How Much Does the KeepTruckin ELD Solution Cost?
KeepTruckin starts at $20 per month per unit for the starter level and $35 per month per unit for the pro level. A level for enterprise businesses is also available.
How to Fill Out DVIRs with KeepTruckin
Drivers can create vehicle inspection reports and record defects in the KeepTruckin Electronic Logbook App. Managers can view all vehicle inspection reports in the KeepTruckin Dashboard.
IFTA Reporting with KeepTruckin
The KeepTruckin Vehicle Gateway uses its GPS sensor and the vehicle’s odometer to track the exact distance a vehicle travels in each IFTA jurisdiction every day. Managers can generate reports in the KeepTruckin Dashboard to calculate the total distance each vehicle has traveled in each state or province for any given period.
Ready to Take the First Steps to Implement an ELD Solution?
While the cost of an ELD solution may be a factor—it’s not the first step a fleet should take. Instead, determine if the provider has a certified device. The FMCSA recommends that businesses implement a solution from the self-certified list.
While the FMCSA does not certify solutions, it will remove solutions from the list if they don’t meet the technical specifications of the ELD regulations.
In addition to product support, if there’s an issue, businesses should also consider if the provider has an excellent overall track record with the solution. This evaluation should include the installation process and addressing any large-scale problems — and available training.
The next step is to issue a request for proposal (RFP) or approach a few potential partners per the company’s bidding parameters. RFPs should be straightforward, simple, and designed to get the best information.
Overburdening a potential partner with extensive RFP documents filled with repetitive questions could discourage them from filling out the document. The goal should be to determine if the prospective ELD provider can solve your challenges. Keep in mind that complex or lengthy RFPs will have to be reviewed by staff.
While it’s not necessary or, in this case, practical to always run a pilot, it can be useful, especially if the business is switching ELD providers due to service issues. If the company has narrowed down to one or two finalists, a pilot is a reliable proof of concept for the solution.
Pilots should involve a large enough sample size of vehicles to receive reliable data that can spot trends and determine if the ELD will keep drivers in compliance.
How to Successfully Implement an ELD Solution
Businesses that are switching solutions know that installation, mainly if it’s a hardwired solution, can involve significant downtime. Managing implementation in a way that doesn’t affect the bottom line is a crucial factor in choosing an ELD provider.
Ask hard questions about how they handle installations, and if it’s necessary to hire a third party or if company personnel can perform the installation.
A critical component of the ELD regulations is that the driver and back-office staff must know how to operate the ELD. If a roadside inspector determines that a driver doesn’t understand how to operate their ELD, they will likely receive a violation and most likely put out of service. This scenario could also trigger an audit that can lead to more violations if the back-office staff doesn’t know how to operate the solution.
Make sure that a sufficient amount of time is allocated for training, even if installation involves a straightforward plug-and-play solution. The provider should either provide training for all of the drivers or for key back-office staff who can then train the drivers and other fleet personnel.
While regulated fleets now require the use of ELDs, it is crucial to include its use in the fleet policy. It should outline how it will be used to hold drivers accountable for knowing how to operate their ELD, complying with the regulations, and the consequences of receiving an ELD-related violation.
In It for the Long Haul
Finally, when choosing an ELD provider, it’s vital to consider if they’re in business for the long haul. More established providers may be more expensive than the companies who haven’t been around as long, but it shows their commitment to the product. There are a few new ELD providers who entered the market on the eve of the first phase of ELD implementations. Some of these companies proved to be fly-by-night providers who no longer exist. These abrupt disappearances after ELD regulations went into effect left their clients out of compliance. The good news is that a reputable provider took over those accounts and was able to keep them in compliance.
The bottom line is that fleets must find a partner who has a compliant device that will be well supported.
Watch John Gaither, GPS Insight ELD Specialist, explain the three things you should know before making the switch to ELD.